A new WalletHub study based on census data shows that Indiana is one of the 10 least diverse states. Indianapolis ranks slightly higher, compared to other United States. The highest high school graduation rate is among white people, with a rate of 90.64%. The highest rate of bachelor's degrees is found among Asians, with a rate of 57.48%.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Indiana is white, with 10.70% below the poverty level. The primary ancestors of Indiana residents include Germans, and nearly a quarter of the population claims to have this ancestry. As expected, Indiana's metropolitan counties scored higher compared to counties in small, rural cities. Hamilton County remains the fastest-growing county in Indiana, as well as the fastest growing county in the border states of Ohio, Kentucky, Michigan and Illinois.
The Indiana counties that experienced the highest population growth are all in the Indianapolis metropolitan area. The map below shows the majority race by area in the Indianapolis metropolitan area, as self-identified in the United States Census. The highest growth rates were recorded in central Indiana, including Hamilton County (12.01%), Boone County (11.43%) and Hendricks County (8.45%). The five-year estimates from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS), a national survey that collects census data over a five-year period, show a new shift in the demography of Indianapolis.
Many of the changes in Indianapolis's racial demography that occurred as a result of segregation remained in effect well beyond the 1980s, according to Mullins. At that time, in addition to most of present-day Indiana, the Territory included all of Illinois and Wisconsin, the western half of Michigan and northeastern Minnesota. To better quantify the diversity of Indiana counties, a diversity score was calculated. Discriminatory divisions among Indianapolis residents continued to widen, despite the Fair Housing Act of 1968, Mullins said.
Mullins said that the irony of gentrification in Indianapolis, which often uses the historical term to increase sales of homes and condominiums, is that it puts a price on blacks and omits that neighborhoods are historically black. The largest city in Indiana is Indianapolis, which is also the state capital, which is home to more than 860,000 people as residents. By the time the national census of 1830 was conducted, Indiana had been admitted to the United States, and an additional substantial growth of more than 500% in ten years brought the total number of residents to 147,178.They were also part of the Great Migration of African-Americans that occurred at that time, fleeing racial violence in the South. According to Professor Paul Mullins, an anthropologist at Indiana-Purdue University, in the late 1930s and 1940s, many blacks moved to the city in search of jobs that resulted from the country's continued urbanization and the increase in job opportunities created by World War II.